Tibet is a place which plentiful people yearning to. If you go there, you must choose a good season and shouldn’t rush to. Because the high elevation makes travel with a certain degree of risk. There are many death cases caused by severe altitude sickness. The following is some common sense to help you cycle to Tibet for the first time. Read carefully, you will benefit from it!
1. What is altitude sickness? What are the symptoms of it?
As you reach a certain altitude of the plateau, your body has to adapt to the pressure which will cause altitude sickness because of the altitude difference of 700 meters. General symptoms of altitude sickness are as listed below: a headache, shortness of breath, chest tightness, dizziness, anorexia, and slight fever fatigue. Because of the lack of oxygen, you will have the performance of purple lips and fingertips, sleepiness, mental excitement, sleeplessness. Some people will have following performance because of dry air: rough skin, chapped lips, nose bleeding or blood clots.
2. How to alleviate or avoid altitude sickness?
Most people tend to get sick because of altitude for the beginning to the plateau. There is not any principle for performance the of altitude sickness. The best way to reduce or avoid the altitude reaction is to maintain a good attitude while facing it on the ground that many of the symptoms are caused by psychological or psychological effect, like fear of the Plateau, the lack of mental preparation and determination of overcoming the plateau. It is suggested that we should not walk quickly in the Plateau area, nor can we run. We must not overeat so as not to increase the burden on the digestive organs. Don't drink alcohol and smoke. Eat more vegetables and fruits with rich vitamin, drink water, and keep warm, bath less in order to avoid cold and exhaustion. Don't inhale oxygen at the beginning. Try to adapt yourself to it. Otherwise, you can never leave oxygen machine away in the plateau because of strong dependence.
Take some medicine to alleviate altitude sickness like Plateau Rhodiola (taking at least 10 days in advance), Bufferin (to control altitude sickness caused by headache), ginseng (to alleviate extreme fatigue very useful). Available Kyushin Pills (do not take too many).
For people with high resilience in the plateau, the general symptoms of altitude sickness can be eliminated within 1-2 days. While people with less resilience need 3-7 days to adapt
If you can adapt to the flavor of butter tea, you can drink some to alleviate the high altitude reaction.
3. What to do about altitude sickness after arriving in Tibet?
Tibet hotels or cities and towns reached a certain scale have hospitals or clinics. Slight plateau response is suggested adjusting to adapt to it yourself. You need to see a doctor if you have serious altitude sickness. After that you should rest more, have less activity, insist on eating, take some medicine to alleviate altitude reaction.
With serious altitude sickness, such as: edema, pulmonary edema, severe cold symptoms, you are suggested to transfuse and have oxygen therapy in the hospital, and leave the plateau as soon as possible. In Lhasa it is more convenient to leave because there are flights every day. The general response to high altitude will disappear as you get into an aircraft or a plain without any hangover.
4. Should I meet any body requirements?
What kind of patients should not get into Tibet?
Do I need to have a checkup or exercise?
Except for maintaining a good attitude, there is no special health requirements. People with a serious respiratory, cardiac, cardiovascular, or other mental diseases are not suitable to get into Tibet. People having severe hypertension, heart disease, (a) bronchitis, diabetes, influenza restrictions are limited to get into Tibet.
I suggest you make a cardiopulmonary examination before getting in Tibet to make sure that whether you have the above sufferance or not. In addition, don't increase your exercise, and if you have been insisting in training as usual, you should stopped in the first half month before reaching Tibet. Because the oxygen consumption of your body will increase after exercise which will lead to growing burden of heart in Tibet and altitude sickness.
5. Why you can't go to Tibet with a cold? What to do if you catch a cold in Tibet?
Patients’ body functions will be destroyed by cold. Their resistance to disease is reduced and burden of resistance capacity increases. Serious cold is easy to transfer into other altitude diseases, especially pulmonary edema which is of high danger to death without timely treatment.
If you have had a cold, you had better cure yourself before getting into Tibet and do not take the bacteria into Tibet.
If you get a cold in Tibet, there generally is not much of a problem because you has a certain adaptability and resistance to the plateau and your body can basically adjust. And timely treatment is ok enough, because the doctor in Tibet are very experienced in the treatment of colds.
Take some cold medicine with you. Once you have signs of a cold, take some common medicine. The symptoms usually disappear in 1-2 days
6. Is it convenient to take a bath in Tibet?
The city with a certain scale (such as Lhasa, Shigatse, Jiangzi, the town of Zhangmu,
Zetang, Ganoderma lucid, Nagqu) in Tibet both have the bathing place. It is not recommended to have a sauna at the beginning of staying in Tibet because your body cannot stand.
Common star hotel general standard rooms have a separate bathroom with hot water that you can bathe. And many rest houses have public bathrooms, which regularly supply hot water. Thus, bathing is convenient.
At the beginning of arrival at Tibet, take a shower as little as possible, so as not to catch a cold, or consume excessive physical strength. These can help you to reduce the altitude sickness.
After arriving at Tibet for a few days, your body has adapted to the plateau climate, taking a bath is generally ok. Because of dry air, fast evaporation and coldness in a night, people commonly do not want to bathe, which will not make people feel uncomfortable.